Situated in central Saudi Arabia, north-west of Riyadh, the Al Qaseem region is bordered on the north by the Hayel region, on the east by Al Zulfi, on the south by the Al Washam region and on the west by the Al Madinah Al Munawarrah region. It has a total area of 80,000 square kilometers and a population of 1.5 million.
The history of Al Qassim region dates back to the 9th Hijri century. Due to its important location at the junction of major trade routes, the region witnessed a wide range of historical events. Many revolve round the Zubaidah route,which begins in Iraq and ending in Makkah Al Mukaramah; it has been used by Hajj caravans. Zubaidah; wife of the Caliph Haroon Al Rasheed, dug wells along this route to supply pilgrims with water.
The weather in Qassim is very hot in summer and rainy and cold in winter. During the summer months, temperatures range from 36 to 41 degrees Celsius. In winter, temperatures drop to an average 11 degrees Celsius. Average rainfall is 100 mm per annum and the humidity is generally around 20%. When the wind blows, it blows from a north or northwest direction.
Districts & Regions
The important districts of Al-Qasim are Unayzah, ar-Rass, Al-Midhnab, and Al-Bukiriyyah. The land of Al-Qasim contains some very old Paleolithic sites, petroglyphs of deer, gazelles, ibexes and the north Arabian epigraphy. The ancient trade and pilgrimage route passed from the area coming from Kufa and Basra and hence it gained its fame during early Islamic period.